Title: On the Stability and Transition to Turbulence of the Flow over a Wind-Turbine Airfoil under Varying Free-Stream Turbulence Intensity
Authors: Fava, Thales C. L.
Lobo, Brandon A.
Schaffarczyk, Alois P.
Breuer, Michael 
Hanifi, Ardeshir
Henningson, Dan S.
Language: eng
Subject (DDC): 000 Informatik, Information & Wissen, allgemeine Werke
500 Naturwissenschaften
600 Technik
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Technische Universität
Document Type: Conference Object
Source: Fava et al. (2022) 12th Int. Symp. on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP-12)
Page Start: 1
Page End: 6
Published in (Book): 12th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP12)
Publisher Place: Darmstadt
Conference: 12th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP12) Osaka, Japan (Online), July 19-22, 2022
The present work investigates the laminar-turbulent transition of the flow around a typical section of a wind turbine blade under different levels of isotropic inflow turbulence at a Reynolds number of Rec = 10^5 . Wall-resolved large-eddy simulations are performed under different turbulence intensities (TI) up to TI = 2.8 %. The results are analyzed with tools based on the linear stability and optimal-perturbation theory. At TI = 0%, transition to turbulence via the breakdown of Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) rolls formed over the laminar separation bubble (LSB) is seen. These modes start to grow upstream of the LSB as an inflectional instability. At TI = 1.4 % rolls are also seen; but, instabilities formed by the interaction between streaks and the LSB also contribute to transition. The streaks are estimated to have a spanwise wavenumber around β = 100 ( β δ = 0.19 at 20 % chord; δ is the displacement thickness) and a frequency in the range f = 5 − 8 (f δ ∗ /ue = (1.4 − 2.3) × 10^−2 at 40 % chord; ue is the boundary layer edge velocity), close to that of the shear-layer instability. In the T I = 2.8 % case, the flow is heavily influenced by the presence of streaks, which stabilize the flow concerning inflectional/KH instabilities, but, at the same time, undergoes varicose-type instabilities and breakdown to turbulence.
Organization Units (connected with the publication): Strömungsmechanik 
URL: http://www.tsfp-conference.org/proceedings/2022/258.pdf
Appears in Collections:3 - Reported Publications

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