Title: The right temporoparietal junction supports speech tracking during selective listening
Other Titles: Evidence from concurrent EEG-fMRI
Authors: Puschmann, Sebastian
Steinkamp, Simon
Gillich, Imke 
Mirkovic, Bojana
Debener, Stefan
Thiel, Christiane M.
Issue Date: 2017
Document Type: Article
Volume: 37
Issue: 47
Page Start: 11505
Page End: 11516
Abstract: 
Listening selectively to one out of several competing speakers in a “cocktail party” situation is a highly demanding task. It relies on a widespread cortical network, including auditory sensory but also frontal and parietal brain regions involved in controlling auditory attention. Previous work has shown that, during selective listening, ongoing neural activity in auditory sensory areas is dominated by the attended speech stream, whereas competing input is suppressed. The relationship between these attentional modulations in the sensory tracking of the attended speech stream and frontoparietal activity during selective listening is however not understood. We studied this question in young healthy human participants (both sexes) using concurrent EEG-fMRI and a sustained selective listening task, in which one out of two competing speech streams had to be attended selectively. An EEG-based speech envelope reconstruction method was applied to assess the strength of the cortical tracking of the to-be-attended and the to-be-ignored stream during selective listening. Our results show that individual speech envelope reconstruction accuracies obtained for the to-be-attended speech stream were positively correlated with the amplitude of sustained BOLD responses in the right temporoparietal junction, a core region of the ventral attention network. This brain region further showed task-related functional connectivity to both secondary auditory cortices and regions of the frontoparietal attention network, including the intraparietal sulcus as well as the inferior frontal gyrus. This suggests that right temporoparietal junction is involved in controlling attention during selective listening, allowing for a better cortical tracking of the attended speech stream.
Organization Units (connected with the publication): Allgemeine und Biologische Psychologie 
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1007-17.2017
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