Title: Laboratories, coproducers, and venues: Roles played by subnational governments in standards-based reforms in four federations
Authors: Wallner, Jennifer
Savage, Glenn C.
Hartong, Sigrid 
Engel, Laura C.
Language: eng
Keywords: Education systems;Federal education;Education reforms
Issue Date: 1-May-2020
Document Type: Article
Journal / Series / Working Paper (HSU): Comparative education review / Comparative Education Society
Volume: 64
Issue: 2
Considerable efforts have been made to better understand how global trends toward standards-based reforms have emerged in national education systems. Less well known, however, is the unfolding of standards-based reforms within and across federal education systems. In federal systems, national governments do not make policy unilaterally, but rather share authority with multiple orders of government. Using the concept of “global forms” to explore the pervasiveness of standards-based assessments across four diverse federations (Australia, Canada, Germany, and the United States), this article aims to illuminate the roles that subnational governments play in the assemblage of standards-based education reforms. We argue that three key roles played by subnational governments are apparent in each: (1) semiautonomous laboratories of innovation, (2) coproducers of policy, and (3) venues for nongovernment actors.Our work suggests that greater attentionmust be paid to subnational spaces to better understand the manifestation, development, and expansion of global policy trends affecting education.
Organization Units (connected with the publication): Transformation von Governance in Bildung und Gesellschaft 
ISSN: 00104086
Publisher DOI: 10.1086/708111
Appears in Collections:3 - Reported Publications

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