Title: Lithium titanate/pyrenecarboxylic acid decorated carbon nanotubes hybrid - Alginate gel supercapacitor
Authors: Ojha, Manoranjan
Le Houx, James
Mukkabla, Radha
Kramer, Denis 
Wills, Richard George Andrew
Deepa, Melepurath
Language: eng
Keywords: Capacitance;Carbon nanotubes;Energy density;Lithium titanate;Supercapacitor
Subject (DDC): DDC::500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik::540 Chemie::541 Physikalische Chemie
Issue Date: 20-Jun-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Document Type: Article
Journal / Series / Working Paper (HSU): Electrochimica Acta 
Volume: 309
Issue: 20 June 2019
Page Start: 253
Page End: 263
Publisher Place: New York, NY [u.a.]
A facile scalable strategy is reported for the synthesis of a hybrid of lithium titanate (Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 or LTO)and 1-pyrenecarboxylic acid decorated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (PCA@CNTs). LTO platelets comprising of quasi-spherical nanoparticles afford short diffusion paths for electrolyte ions. PCA@CNTs, enhance the electrical conductivity of the nearly insulating LTO by 3 orders of magnitude, thus maximizing the ion-uptake capability of the hybrid. Symmetric and asymmetric supercapacitors with the LTO/PCA@CNTs hybrid supported over Ni foam substrates are assembled with a novel Li + conducting alginate gel, in air without any inert conditions that are typically used for all LTO based devices. The gel shows an average ionic conductivity of ∼8.4 mS cm −1 at room temperature, and is found to be electrochemically stable over a wide operational voltage window of ∼2.5 V. Benefitting from the synergy of electrical double layer (EDL)storage afforded by PCA@CNTs, ion-storage by LTO through a redox reaction and EDL, and the ease ion-movement across the cell due to the open architecture of CNTs, the asymmetric LTO/PCA@CNTs hybrid cell outperforms the symmetric cells by a large margin. The best areal specific capacitance (SC), volumetric SC and energy density are ∼54 mF cm −2 , ∼4.3 F cm −3 (at 0.5 mA cm −2 )and ∼3.7 mWh cm −3 (at a power density of 49.6 mW cm −3 )significantly enhanced for the asymmetric LTO/PCA@CNTs hybrid cell, compared to the symmetric- PCA@CNTs and hybrid cells. The design is simple to implement and can serve as a prototype to develop a range of yet unexplored LTO/carbon nanomaterial based supercapacitors.
Organization Units (connected with the publication): Energy Technology Research Group, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
ISSN: 0013-4686
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2019.03.211
Appears in Collections:Publications of the HSU Researchers (before HSU)

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