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  • Publication
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    Optical characterization of a neodymium-doped lithium-niobate-on-insulator (LNOI)
    (OSA, 2021)
    Haunhorst, Christian
    ;
    ;
    Chen, Feng
    ;
    A neodymium (Nd) doped lithium-niobate-on-insulator (LNOI) was fabricated from a lithium niobate (LN) substrate diffusion-doped with Nd prior to the LNOI fabrication process. Diffusion doping enables the fabrication of differently doped regions on a single LNOI substrate, a key advantage for future applications in highly integrated photonics. Fluorescence spectra, emission cross-section, fluorescence lifetime, and small-signal gain of Nd:LNOI were determined for the first time to our knowledge and compared with data published for diffusion-doped ridge or channel waveguides in LN substrates. For an 11 mm-long sample, we achieve a small-signal gain for p (s) polarization of about 14 (10) dB when pumping with a Ti:Sapphire laser, which is promising for future active components in Nd:LNOI like amplifiers and lasers.