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    Anomaly Detection with Autoencoders as a Tool for Detecting Sensor Malfunctions
    One possibility to extend the service life of engi-neering structures is to provide adequate maintenance based on Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). Typically, SHM involves a sensor network which is spatially distributed at the surface or within the structure to be monitored. Each sensor measures at least one physical quantity, the data of all sensors then have to be properly evaluated to derive the health state and to predict the remaining service life. Health issues may be detected by machine learning methods by looking for anomalous behaviour in sensor data. Hereby the problem is that malfunctions differ excessively in the representation of the data collected by sensors such that specialisation of methods on anomaly types is required. The current contribution suggests the simulation of sensor malfunction based on established criteria by creating different types of artificial anomalous data indicating different types of issues. Several proposed autoencoder approaches are verified for different anomaly representations, which are artificially introduced in a set of data. The final solutions are different autoencoder specialized on different types of simulated anomaly data, making the conclusions drawn from the measured data more reliable. As a case study, data of a numerical experiment of fibre pull-out are considered.