Now showing 1 - 10 of 19
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Sensing Reverberation Chamber Loading for IO-Link Wireless Testing
    (IEEE, 2021-08) ;
    Krush, Dmytro
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    Reverberation chambers (RCs) can be used as repeatable and shielded test environments for electromagnetic compatibility testing and performance evaluation of wireless com-munication devices, as they inherently emulate a Rician/Rayleigh fading environment. Loading a RC with radio frequency (RF) absorbing material leads to an increasing coherence bandwidth (CBW) of the radio channel within the RC, where the appropriate value can be tailored to specific test specifications. In this paper the CBW is directly measured by the wireless system under test. Measurements were carried out with different loadings and the link quality indication (LQI) was used to determine an appropriate RC loading.
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    IO-Link Wireless Device Cryptographic Performance and Energy Efficiency
    (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2021-03-10) ;
    Krush, Dmytro
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    Jockram, Jonas
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    In the context of the Industry 4.0 initiative, Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS) or Cyber Manufacturing Systems (CMS) can be characterized as advanced networked mechatronic production systems gaining their added value by interaction with different systems using advanced communication technologies. Appropriate wired and wireless communication technologies and standards need to add timing in combination with security concepts to realize the potential improvements in the production process. One of these standards is IO-Link Wireless, which is used for sensor/actuator network operation. In this paper cryptographic performance and energy efficiency of an IO-Link Wireless Device are analyzed. The power consumption and the influence of the cryptographic operations on the trans-mission timing of the IO-Link Wireless protocol are exemplary measured employing a Phytec module based on a CC2650 system-on-chip (SoC) radio transceiver. Confidentiality is considered in combination with the cryptographic performance as well as the energy efficiency. Different cryptographic algorithms are evaluated using the on chip hardware accelerator compared to a cryptographic software implementation.
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Coexistence Management Methods and Tools for IO-Link Wireless
    Wireless communication systems are enabler technologies for modern and flexible production concepts, essentially within the Industry 4.0 directive. For reliable low-latency wireless communication, the availability of frequency spectrum is a general prerequisite. IO-Link Wireless (IOLW) is a vendor-independent wireless communication standard, which operates in the 2.4 GHz ISM (Industrial, Scientific, Medical) band and especially addresses the requirements of industrial discrete manufacturing processes. The 2.4 GHz ISM band is used by various other radio systems, making coexistence management a fundamental challenge. Blacklisting and frequency hopping schemes are specified to increase the IOLWcoexistence behavior. In this paper coexistence management methods and tools, which can be employed for IOLW are presented. These tools can be used to enhance the coexistence behavior and thus the reliability, and at the same time, reduce energy consumption. After an introduction and a detailed presentation of IOLW, a software tool is presented that allows to implement an intelligent frequency management by adapting blacklists to the respective coexistence and boundary conditions. This is based on generic measurements, which are also shown in this paper. Finally, a conclusion and an outlook for further integration into an overall system are given.
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Reproducibility of Fading Propability in a Reverberation Chamber for Wireless Device Testing
    (IEEE, 2019-09) ;
    Krush, Dmytro
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    Reverberation chambers (RCs) are a feasible option as test environment for evaluation of wireless devices with integrated antenna, as they inherently emulate a Rayleigh fading channel. In this paper, the dependency of fading on the frequency and position/orientation of an equipment under test (EUT) antenna is evaluated in a RC and for different numbers of RC steps. The measured data were applied to an exemplary standard for wireless communication. The results suggest that the empirical probability of fading is repeatable and independent of frequency or position/orientation of the EUT.
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Test method for narrowband F/TDMA-based wireless sensor/actuator networks including radio channel emulation in severe multipath environments
    (2018-03-23) ;
    Krush, Dmytro
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    A test method for narrowband wireless sensor/actuator networks is presented, facilitating affordable and efficient performance and compliance tests prior to the deployment of the wireless communication systems. Commonly used channel models are examined to derive a worst-case test scenario. Employing frequency/time division multiple access (F/TDMA) techniques and protocol synchronization, a new and efficient test method is suggested, where the equipment under test (EUT) is evaluated under the worst-case scenario. A cost-efficient channel emulator is introduced to emulate fading in multipath environments. Also, industrial interferes can be included in the setup. Furthermore, a procedure to test wireless devices with integrated, non-detachable antennas is presented.
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    A wireless communication system for energy and environmental monitoring
    (2017-01-10)
    Krush, Dmytro
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    Kaercher, Bernd
    Custom-fit communication systems are key elements in modern cyber-physical sensor systems. Therefore a wireless communication system (WCS) for sensor/actuator communication has been developed to facilitate energy and environmental monitoring on the shop floor of industrial production sites. Initially, the distinct demands and requirements are described. As the WCS has been designed for new installations as well as for retrofitting already installed facilities, the WCS has to be able to coexist with other wireless communication systems already allocated in the same frequency band. The WCS handles measurement data from both, energy-autarkic sensors and fast line-powered sensors. Mobile users in the field equipped with mobile devices are served by the system, too. A modular hardware concept has been chosen for easy system modification or for the integration of new wireless standards. Finally, measured results for the coexistence capability are presented.